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Types of shares-Difference between ordinary shares and preference share

what is Preference shares vs ordinary shares ?

Only a few factors, such as voting rights, dividend preference share, and priority of payment when a firm is in liquidation, distinguish Preference Shares from Ordinary Shares. Ordinary shares are issued to founders, whereas preference shares are issued to investors in the firm. This is another significant distinction between ordinary shares and preference shares.

What is stock or shares definition ?

In plain English, a stock is a percentage of ownership, and shares are the number of units in a stock. Overall, there aren’t many differences between stocks and shares.

This concludes the definition of shares. Preference shares and ordinary shares are the two types of shares that are most common; we will talk more about this in this post.

What are different types of shares ?

Mainly their are 3-4 common types of shares which are:

  • Ordinary shares
  • Preference shares
  • Contributing shares
  • Company issued options

Types of shares Australia :

All four of the aforementioned share classes are well-liked in Australia, and people like trading them in daily life. However, preference shares are traded more frequently than ordinary shares.

What are Preference shares | preference share definition

Since they are entitled to dividend payments before to other shares, this sort of share is more powerful than any regular share. Voting privileges are not available to shareholders of these shares. One additional fascinating aspect of preference shares is that they are convertible at any moment into other types of shares since they are “hybrid” income situations, which means they are convertible shares.

What is Ordinary shares | ordinary share definition

The most typical and well-liked sort of shares are called ordinary shares. FPO, which stands for fully paid shares, is another word for ordinary shares. Shareholders in these shares have full voting rights. These shares are further separated into two classes, Class A and Class B.

You may assume that when two investors buy shares, they are mostly buying common shares.

We shall compare preference shares and common shares in depth later on in this essay.

What are Contributing shares

These shares are referred to as partially paid shares since the payment is made in instalments at various call dates or faces. Similar to other types of shares, these shares can be bought and sold on the ASX, NYSE, or any other stock market.

What are company issued options

This kind of stock, which you can also refer to as a company’s authorization or option to acquire a specific number of shares at a predetermined price before a specific due date, is offered to shareholders. Trading options is quite profitable for many people. You may trade options on several well-known sites, such as Quantfury Trading.

5 main Difference between ordinary shares and preference shares

Ordinary sharesPreference Shares
Dividends are paid lastDividends are paid first
Have voting rightsNo voting rights
They are issue to foundersThey are issue to investors
Dividends are not fixeFixed dividends
They have no  priority in company liquidation and paid at lastThey have priority in company liquidation and paid first

Preference shares vs ordinary shares

Bellow are the main key differences of preference shares and ordinary shares

Dividends are paid to preference shareholders before common shareholders. This implies that if a corporation has both ordinary and preference shareholders and decides to pay dividends, preference shareholders will receive the payments first.

Divide after distribution to shareholders with preference. Any remaining funds are distributed to common shareholders.

Only regular shareholders have the ability to vote. While ordinary shareholders have the right to vote for or against any resolution at any corporate meeting,

Preference share holders have no voting rights; they must merely follow the meeting’s decision, or, put another way, follow the decision reached by the votes of Ordinary share holders.

Ordinary share holders will be paid last in the event of a company’s liquidation for whatever reason, whereas paying preference share holders comes first.

Simply put, in the event of a company’s insolvency, ordinary share holders face a higher investment risk than the company’s major shareholder.

A set dividend payment amount is made to holders of preference shares, and it is decided when shares are issued. However, the dividend amount paid to ordinary shareholders fluctuates since it is based on the development and profitability of the firm. It may occasionally be larger and occasionally lower, depending on the level of profit the company is generating.

Thus, the contrast of preference shares and common shares is made clearly in the points above.

Type of preference shares

  • Cumulative preference shares
  • Noncumulative preference shares
  • Participatory preference shares
  • Convertible preference shares


The most prevalent variations between ordinary shares and preference shares are voting rights, dividend priorities, liquidation priorities, and dividend amounts. However, there are numerous more variances as well.

Voting rights are only available to holders of ordinary shares; preference share holders cannot vote. Therefore, they are forced to follow the judgement of common shareholders. However, there are still a few additional distinctions between holders of preference shares and ordinary shares. such as the dividend amount and the order of payment.

What are preference shares and its types?

A hybrid kind of stock known as preferred shares has characteristics more often seen in debt, such as a dividend that is guaranteed. Callable, convertible, cumulative, and participatory shares are the four primary varieties of preference shares.

Also Read: Price Target Of SBI share 2023, 2025, 2030, 2040, 2050

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Riya Kapoor

Riya Kapoor writes about lifestyle, entertainment, news and gadgets. She has been in this industry for almost 4 years now. She is a graduate from Delhi University with English Hons and had deep connection with writing since her childhood.

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