Biography

Narendra Modi Biography – Childhood, Family, Education, Political Life, Net Worth

Narendra Modi, in full Narendra Damodardas Modi, (born September 17, 1950, Vadnagar, India), Indian politician and government official rose to Modi ji become a senior leader of the (Bartiya Janta Party). In 2014 Modi ji led his party to victory in elections to the Lok Sabha (lower chamber of the Indian parliament), after which he was sworn in as Prime Minister of India. Prior to that he had served (2001–14) as chief minister (head of government) of Gujarat state in western India.

Modi ji is the current Prime Minister of India. Modi ji’s full name is Narendra Damodardas Modi. Narendra Modi was born on 17 September, 1950 at Vadnagar, Mehsana Gujarat.

Narendra Modi was sworn in as India’s Prime Minister on 30 May, 2019, for the second term. He is a personality of motivation who rose from a poverty-stricken tea-selling boy to a development-oriented leader. 

Narendra Modi was born on 17 September, 1950 in Vadnagar, Gujarat to a lower-middle-class family of grocers. He has proved that success has nothing to do with caste, creed, or where a person belongs to. He is the first Prime Minister of India whose mother was alive when he took office. In the Lok Sabha, Modi Ji represents the Varanasi constituency and is considered a master strategist for his party. Since 2014, Modi Ji is the current Prime Minister of India and prior to it, he had served as the Chief Minister of Gujarat state from 2001 to 2014. 

Narendra Modi: Early Life, Childhood Days and Education

Narendra Modi was born on 17 September, 1950 to a family of grocers in Vadnagar, Mehsana district, Bombay State (present Gujarat). His father name is late Damodardas Mulchand Modi and Mother’s name is Hiraben Modi and the couple has six children, he is the third eldest among six. In his childhood days, Modi helped his father in selling tea at the Vadnagar Railway Station and later ran a tea stall with his brother near a bus terminus.

In 1967, Modi Ji had completed his higher secondary education in Vadnagar. At the age of 8 years, he joined Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). He doesn’t want to marry so he left home at the age of 17 and travelled across the country for the next two years. In his interviews, he told that in these two years he visited several ashrams founded by Swami Vivekananda. Then Modi Ji returned to Vadnagar and after some time he again left for Ahmedabad. There, Modi lived with his uncle, who worked in the canteen at the Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation.

Let us tell you that in 1970 that is at the age of 20, he was so influenced by the RSS that Modi Ji became the full-time Pracharak and he had formally joined RSS in 1971 at the age of 21. In his area, in the early 1970s, he set up a unit of RSS’s students wing namely Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad. No doubt, Modi Ji’s association with the organisation has significantly benefited his political career.  Modi Ji has completed the Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from School of Open Learning at the University of Delhi and later Modi Ji had completed his Master degree in political science from Gujarat University.

Early life and political career

Modi was raised in a small town in northern Gujarat, and Modi Ji completed an M.A. degree in political science from Gujarat University in Ahmadabad. Modi Ji joined the pro-Hindu Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) organization in the early 1970s and set up a unit of the RSS’s students’ wing, the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad, in Modi’s area. Modi Ji rose steadily in the RSS hierarchy, and his association with the organization significantly benefited his subsequent political career.

Modi Ji joined the BJP in 1987, and a year later he was made the general secretary of the Gujarat branch of the party. Modi Ji was instrumental in greatly strengthening the party’s presence in the state in succeeding years. In 1990 Modi Ji was one of the BJP members who participated in a coalition government in the state, and Modi helped the BJP achieve success in the 1995 state legislative assembly elections that in March allowed the party to form the first-ever BJP-controlled government in India. The BJP’s control of the state government was relatively short-lived, however, ending in September 1996.

Political ascent and term as chief minister of Gujarat

In 1995 Modi Ji was made the secretary of the BJP’s national organization in New Delhi, and three years later, Modi Ji was appointed its general secretary. He remained in that office for another three years, but in October 2001, Modi Ji replaced the incumbent Gujarat chief minister, fellow BJP member Keshubhai Patel, after Patel had been held responsible for the state government’s poor response in the aftermath of the massive Bhuj earthquake in Gujarat earlier that year that killed more than 20,000 people. Modi Ji entered his first-ever electoral contest in a February 2002 by-election that won him a seat in the Gujarat state assembly.

Modi’s repeated political success in Gujarat, however, made him an indispensable leader within the Bartiya Janta Party hierarchy and led to his reintegration into the political mainstream. Under Modi Ji’s leadership, the BJP secured a significant victory in the December 2002 legislative assembly elections, winning 127 of the 182 seats in the chamber (including a seat for Modi Ji). Projecting a manifesto for growth and development in Gujarat, the BJP was again victorious in the 2007 state assembly elections, with a seat total of 117, and the party prevailed again in the 2012 polls, garnering 115 seats. Both times Modi won his contests and returned as chief minister.

During his time as head of the Gujarat government, Modi Ji established a formidable reputation as an able administrator, and Modi Ji was given credit for the rapid growth of the state’s economy. In addition, his and the party’s electoral performances helped advance Modi’s position as not only the most-influential leader within the party but also a potential candidate for prime minister of India. In June 2013 Modi was chosen the leader of the BJP’s campaign for the 2014 elections to the Lok Sabha.

Premiership of Narendra Modi

After a vigorous campaign—in which Modi Ji portrayed himself as a pragmatic candidate who could turn around India’s underperforming economy—Modi Ji and the party were victorious, with the Bartiya Janta Party winning a clear majority of seats in the chamber. Modi Ji was sworn in as prime minister on May 26, 2014. At the end of that month, having been granted a U.S. visa, Modi Ji made a highly successful visit to New York City, which included a meeting with U.S. Pres. Barack Obama.

As prime minister, Modi Ji oversaw a promotion of Hindu culture and the implementation of economic reforms. The government undertook measures that would broadly appeal to Hindus, such as its attempt to ban the sale of cows for slaughter. The economic reforms were sweeping, introducing structural changes—and temporary disruptions—that could be felt nationwide. Among the most far-reaching was the demonetization and replacement of 500- and 1,000-rupee banknotes with only a few hours’ notice. The purpose was to stop “black money”—cash used for illicit activities—by making it difficult to exchange large sums of cash. The following year the government centralized the consumption tax system by introducing the Goods and Services Tax (GST), which superseded a confusing system of local consumption taxes and eliminated the problem of cascading tax. GDP growth slowed from these changes, though growth had already been high (8.2 per cent in 2015), and the reforms succeeded in expanding the government’s tax base. Still, rising costs of living and increasing unemployment disappointed many as grandiose promises of economic growth remained unfulfilled.

This disappointment registered with voters during the elections in five states in late 2018. The BJP lost in all five states, including the BJP strongholds of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Chhattisgarh. The rival Indian National Congress (Congress Party) won more state assembly seats than the BJP in all five elections. Many observers believed that this portended bad news for Modi and the BJP in the national elections set for the spring of 2019, but others believed that Modi’s charisma would excite the voters.

In his second term, Modi’s government revoked the special status of Jammu and Kashmir, stripping it of autonomy in October 2019 and bringing it under the direct control of the union government. The move came under intense criticism and faced challenges in court, not only for the questionable legality of depriving Jammu and Kashmir’s residents of self-determination but also because the government severely restricted communications and movement within the region.

In March 2020 meanwhile, Modi took decisive action to combat the outbreak of COVID-19 in India, swiftly implementing strict nationwide restrictions to mitigate the spread while the country’s biotechnology firms became key players in the race to develop and deliver vaccines worldwide. As part of the effort to counter the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, Modi undertook executive action in June to liberalize the agricultural sector, a move that was codified into law in September. Many feared that the reforms would make farmers vulnerable to exploitation, however, and protesters took to the streets in opposition to the new laws. Beginning in November, massive protests were organized and became a regular disruption, particularly in Delhi.

Modi’s policies backfired in 2021. Protests escalated (culminating in the storming of the Red Fort in January), and extraordinary restrictions and crackdowns by the government failed to suppress them. Meanwhile, despite the remarkably low spread of COVID-19 in January and February, by late April a rapid surge of cases caused by the new Delta variant had overwhelmed the country’s health care system. Modi, who had held massive political rallies ahead of state elections in March and April, was criticized for neglecting the surge. The BJP ultimately lost the election in a key battleground state despite heavy campaigning. In November, as protests continued and another set of state elections approached, Modi announced that the government would repeal the agricultural reforms.

Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), (Hindi: “National Volunteer Organization”) also called Rashtriya Seva Sangh, organization founded in 1925 by Keshav Baliram Hedgewar (1889–1940), a physician living in the Maharashtra region of India, as part of the movement against British rule and as a response to rioting between Hindus and Muslims.

Hedgewar was heavily influenced by the writings of the Hindu nationalist ideologue Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and adopted much of his rhetoric concerning the need for the creation of a “Hindu nation.” Hedgewar formed the RSS as a disciplined cadre consisting mostly of upper-caste Brahmins who were dedicated to independence and the protection of Hindu political, cultural, and religious interests. Upon Hedgewar’s death, the leadership of the group was assumed by Madhava Sadashiv Golwalkar and later by Madhhukar Dattatray Deoras.

The RSS presents itself as a cultural, not a political, organization that nevertheless advocates a Hindu nationalistic agenda under the banner of Hindutva, or “Hindu-ness.” The group is structured hierarchically under the guidance of a national leader, while regional leaders are charged with overseeing the local branches. A major emphasis is placed on dedication and discipline, both mental and physical, as a means to restore strength, valour, and courage in Hindu youth and to foster unity among Hindus of all castes and classes. Paramilitary training and daily exercise and drills are part of this discipline. The RSS reveres Hanuman (in Hindu mythology, the commander of the monkey army) and in the organization’s early years made him the centre of its initiation ceremony.

The RSS has historically played a major role in the Hindu nationalist movement. On several occasions it has been banned by the Indian government, led by the Congress Party, for its alleged role in communal violence. Some of the major political leaders of India’s Bharatiya Janatā Party were or still are members of the RSS.

Origin and establishment

The BJP traces its roots to the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS; Indian People’s Association), which was established in 1951 as the political wing of the pro-Hindu group Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS; “National Volunteers Corps”) by Shyama Prasad Mukherjee. The BJS advocated the rebuilding of India in accordance with Hindu culture and called for the formation of a strong, unified state.

In 1967 the BJS gained a substantial foothold in the Hindi-speaking regions of northern India. Ten years later the party, led by Atal Bihari Vajpayee, joined three other political parties to form the Janta Party and took over the reins of government. Plagued by factionalism and internal disputes, however, the government collapsed in July 1979. The BJP was formally established in 1980, following a split by dissidents within the Janata coalition, whose leaders wanted to prohibit elected BJS officials from participating in the RSS.

The BJP advocated Hindutva (“Hindu-ness”), an ideology that sought to define Indian culture in terms of Hindu values, and it was highly critical of the secular policies and practices of the Indian National Congress (Congress Party). The BJP began to have electoral success in 1989, when it capitalized on an anti-Muslim feeling by calling for the erection of a Hindu temple in an area in Ayodhya considered sacred by Hindus but at that time occupied by the Babri Masjid (Mosque of Babur). By 1991 the BJP had considerably increased its political appeal, capturing 117 seats in the Lok Sabha (lower chamber of the Indian parliament) and taking power in four states.

The demolition of the Babri Masjid in December 1992 by organizations seen to be associated with the BJP caused a major backlash against the party. The mosque’s destruction also led to violence throughout the country that left more than 1,000 dead. The party was regarded with scepticism and suspicion by many committed to secularism in contemporary India. To alleviate fear among the public, restore confidence in the party, and expand its base, the BJP’s leaders undertook a series of rath yatras (“journeys on the carriage”), or political marches, in which the Hindu god Rama was symbolically invoked as the symbol of cultural renaissance.

Electoral success and the National Democratic Alliance government

In elections in 1996, the BJP emerged as the largest single party in the Lok Sabha and was invited by India’s president to form a government. However, its tenure in office was short-lived, as it could not muster the majority required to rule in the 545-member lower house. In 1998 the BJP and its allies were able to form a majority government with Vajpayee as Prime Minister. In May of that year, nuclear weapons tests ordered by Vajpayee drew widespread international condemnation. After 13 months in office, coalition partner All India Dravidian Progressive Federation (All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazagham) withdrew its support, and Vajpayee was prompted to seek a vote of confidence in the Lok Sabha, which he lost by the margin of a single vote.

The BJP contested the 1999 parliamentary elections as the organizer of the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), a coalition of more than 20 national and regional parties. The alliance secured a governing majority, with the BJP winning 182 of the coalition’s 294 seats. Vajpayee, as leader of the largest party in the alliance, was again elected prime minister. Although Vajpayee sought to resolve the country’s long-standing conflict with Pakistan over the Kashmir region and made India a world leader in information technology, the coalition lost its majority in the 2004 parliamentary elections to the Congress Party’s United Progressive Alliance (UPA) coalition and Vajpayee resigned from office. The party’s share of seats in the Lok Sabha was reduced from 137 to 116 in the 2009 parliamentary elections, as the UPA coalition again prevailed.

Return to power

As the 2014 Lok Sabha elections grew near, however, the BJP’s fortunes began to rise, largely because of growing discontent with Congress Party rule. Narendra Modi, the longtime chief minister (head of government) of Gujarat state, was chosen to lead the BJP electoral campaign, thus making him the party’s candidate for prime minister. The polling—held in several stages in April and May—produced an overwhelming victory for the BJP. The party won 282 seats outright, a clear majority in the chamber, and its NDA partners added 54 more.

BJP rule included a mixture of policies relating to the economy and to promoting Hindutva. On November 8, 2016, 500- and 1,000-rupee banknotes were demonetized with just a few hours’ notice with the intent of stopping “black money”—cash used for illicit activities. More than 99 per cent of the banknotes were returned and replaced, indicating even “black money” had been successfully exchanged and returned to circulation. But the policy did broaden the income tax base through increased bank activity and stimulated the use of cashless transactions. In 2017 the Goods and Services Tax (GST) was introduced, reforming the collection of consumption taxes nationwide. Meanwhile, the BJP appealed to notions of Hindutva through measures such as banning the sale of cows for slaughter, a move later overturned by the Supreme Court. The party likewise legislated name changes for certain jurisdictions.

As both unemployment and the cost of living continued to rise and Modi’s grandiose promises on Economic Growth remained unfulfilled, the BJP began suffering local election losses. In 2018 the party lost all five state elections held in November and December, including those in its strongholds of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Chhattisgarh. On the national level, however, the party was able to pull off a landslide victory in April–May 2019 and even expanded its representation in the Lok Sabha. This was in part due to the support it gained after the government’s handling of a security crisis in Jammu and Kashmir in February 2019. Moreover, Congress, the BJP’s most viable competitor, failed to portray itself as a worthwhile alternative to the BJP-led government. Later that year, though, the BJP lost control of Maharashtra state after losing the support of a prominent regional party.

Books on Narendra Modi

  • Narendra Modi: A Political Biography by Andy Marino is an insightful, exhaustive, and impeccably researched account of the ascent of a political leader Narendra Modi. It also analyses the contrasting perspectives on the Gujarat model of governance and development. 
  • Centrestage: Inside the Narendra Modi Model of Governance by Uday Mahurkar’s. It consists of a balanced and impersonal judgment of Modi’s mantra of governance. Various schemes of the Modi government are also discussed in the book.
  • Modi: Making of a Prime Minister: Leadership, Governance, and Performance by Vivian Fernandez. This book deals with the several opportunities utilized by Modi to improve the economic conditions of the people of Gujarat.
  • The Man of the Moment: Narendra Modi by M V Kamath and Kalindi Randeri. This book unfolds the roller coaster life and the evolution of a consummate politician who has enlarged the contours of politics in India.
  • The NaMo Story: A Political Life by Kingshuk Nag. In this book, Narendra Modi journey from tea vendor’s son to the CM of Gujarat is given.
  • Narendra Modi: The Gamechanger by Sudesh Verma. This book is based on the extensive interviews of the Gujarat Chief Minister and his close relatives about the influences that shaped Narendra Modi’s thoughts and actions.
  • The Modi Effect: Inside Narendra Modi’s campaign to transform India by Lance Price. In this book, Narendra Modi Lok Sabha election winner 2014, his strategies and campaign that have been fought that time was unlike and never seen before etc. are discussed.
  • Narendrayan: Story of Narendra Modi by Girish Dabke. This book offers the reader an insightful analysis of the life and political career of Narendra Modi.
  • Modi: Common Man’s PM by Kishor Makwana. This book is about the common man’s PM Narendra Modi, who has become a ray of hope to the people of India after being sworn in as India’s PM in May 2014.
  • Narendra Modi Change We Can Believe by Sanjay Gaur.
  • Prernamurthi Narendra Modi by Shukla Sangeeta. This book is all about details of Narendra Modi since his childhood and will tell how to face adverse situations.
  • Narendra Modi: Yes He Can by D.P. Singh.
  • War Room: The People, Tactics and Technology Behind Narendra Modi’s 2014 Win by Ullekh NP. This book is a good example of real fieldwork and rigorous research. It will tell you how decisions are made in India.
  • For the People: Narendra Modi by Urvish Kantharia.
  • Tsunami of Narendra Modi: Challenges and Visions by Ub Singh and Viplav.
  • Images of Transformation: Gujarat and Narendra Modi by Pravin Sheth.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi: A Transformational Leader by S K Mehra.
  • Modi Doctrine: The Foreign Policy of India’s Prime Minister by Sreeram Chaulia.
  • The Narendra Modi Phenomenon by Dhananjay Kumar.
  • Modi and the World: (Re) Constructing Indian Foreign Policy by World Scientific (Author) and Sinderpal Singh (Editor).
  • Swarnim Bharat Ke Swapndrishtha Narendra Modi by Vijay Nahar etc…
"The life of Gautama Buddha illustrates the power of service, compassion and, most importantly, renunciation. He was convinced that material wealth is not the sole goal." ― Narendra Modi

Books are written by Narendra Modi

  • Exam Warriors in English and Hindi
  • A journey: Poem By Narendra Modi
  • Jyotipunj in English and Hindi
  • Premtirth
  • Social Harmony
  • Samajik Samrasta

Nayana Idam Dhanayam: Poems By Narendra Modi (Sanskrit). Author Narendra Modi and Rajalakshmi Srinivasan.

  • Sakshi Bhaav
  • Abode of Love
  • Cintanaik Kalanjiyam: Poems By Narendra Modi (Tamil) by Narendra Modi and Rajalakshmi Srinivasan
  • Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas – Marathi by Narendra Modi, Ajay Koutikwar
  • The Great Himalayan Climb: Story of the 1965 Indian Expedition’s Record-Breaking Triumph of Everest by Narendra Modi and Capt. M.S. Kohli
  • From Crippling Emotions to Can-Do Attitude!: Counter Negativity and Create Energy in Five Smart Steps by Narendra Modi and Jayapriya
  • Convenient Action: Gujarat’s Response To Challenges Of Climate Change
  • Nayan He Dhanya Re ! by Narendra Modi and Jayashree Joshi
  • Setubandh
  • Convenient Action-Continuity For Change
  • Aapaatkaal Mein Gujarat
  • Ek Soch Dharm Ki by Jagdish Upasane and Narendra Modi
  • Bhavyatra
  • The 37th Singapore Lecture: India’s Singapore Story (The Singapore Lecture Series)
  • Janiye Mere Bare Me (Hindi Edition)
  • Great Is The Eye by Narendra Modi Trans: Dr. Ram Sharma
  • Education Is Empowerment
  • Sakshibhav
  • Aankh Ye Dhanya Hai by Narendra Modi Trans : Dr. Anjana Sandhir
  • Kalviye Mahasakthi
  • Divine India
  • Shikshanave Sabalikarana
  • Dr. Hedgewar Ji Ki Jivanjali (Hindi Edition)
  • Samajik Samrasata (Marathi) etc…

“Ones we decide we have to do something, we can go miles ahead”.

Narendra Modi
Also Read: Types of Investments Available in India

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